The Ad Hoc Networks is an international and archival journal providing a publication vehicle for complete coverage of all topics of interest to those involved in ad hoc and sensor networking areas. The Ad Hoc Networks considers original, high chất lượng and unpublished contributions addressing all aspects of ad hoc và sensor networks. Specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to:

Mobile & Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Sensor Networks Wireless Local & Personal Area Networks home Networks Ad Hoc Networks of Autonomous Intelligent Systems Novel Architectures for Ad Hoc và Sensor Networks Self-organizing Network Architectures và Protocols Transport Layer Protocols Routing protocols (unicast, multicast, geocast, etc.) media Access Control Techniques Error Control Schemes Power-Aware, Low-Power & Energy-Efficient Designs Synchronization và Scheduling Issues Mobility Management Mobility-Tolerant Communication Protocols Location Tracking and Location-based Services Resource và Information Management Security và Fault-Tolerance Issues Hardware & Software Platforms, Systems, & Testbeds Experimental & Prototype Results Quality-of-Service Issues Cross-Layer Interactions Scalability Issues Performance Analysis and Simulation of Protocols

• Role of the funding source • open access • Submission PREPARATION • Queries • NEW SUBMISSIONS • Peer review • REVISED SUBMISSIONS • Article structure • Essential title page information • Highlights • Abstract

• keyword • Artwork • Tables • References • video clip • Data visualization • Supplementary material • Research data AFTER ACCEPTANCE • Online proof correction • Offprints author INQUIRIES

Your Paper Your Way We now differentiate between the requirements for new & revised submissions. You may choose to submit your manuscript as a single Word or PDF tệp tin to be used in the refereeing process. Only when your paper is at the revision stage, will you be requested to put your paper in khổng lồ a "correct format" for acceptance và provide the items required for the publication of your article.To find out more, please visit the Preparation section below.

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The Ad Hoc Networks is an international & archival journal providing a publication vehicle for complete coverage of all topics of interest lớn those involved in ad hoc và sensor networking areas. Specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to:

• Mobile and Wireless Ad Hoc Networks • Sensor Networks • Wireless Local và Personal Area Networks • home Networks • Ad Hoc Networks of Autonomous Intelligent Systems • Novel Architectures for Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks • Self-organizing Network Architectures and Protocols • Transport Layer Protocols • Routing protocols (unicast, multicast, geocast, etc.) • truyền thông Access Control Techniques • Error Control Schemes • Power-Aware, Low-Power and Energy-Efficient Designs • Synchronization và Scheduling Issues • Mobility Management • Mobility-Tolerant Communication Protocols • Location Tracking and Location-based Services • Resource và Information Management • Security & Fault-Tolerance Issues • Hardware and Software Platforms, Systems, và Testbeds • Experimental & Prototype Results • Quality-of-Service Issues • Cross-Layer Interactions • Scalability Issues • Performance Analysis and Simulation of Protocols

Types of Paper The Ad Hoc Networks considers original, high quality and unpublished contributions addressing all aspects of ad hoc và sensor networks.

Submission checklist You can use this các mục to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please kiểm tra the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details. Ensure that the following items are present:

One tác giả has been designated as the corresponding author with liên hệ details:• email address• Full postal address

All necessary files have been uploaded:Manuscript:• Include keywords• All figures (include relevant captions)• All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)• Ensure all figure và table citations in the text match the files provided• Indicate clearly if màu sắc should be used for any figures in printGraphical Abstracts / Highlights files (where applicable)Supplemental files (where applicable)

For further information, visit our support Center.

Ethics in publishing Please see our information on Ethics in publishing.

Studies in humans và animals If the work involves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans. The manuscript should be in line with the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals and aim for the inclusion of representative human populations (sex, age và ethnicity) as per those recommendations. The terms sex and gender should be used correctly.Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines và should be carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 và associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Research Council"s Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals & the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed. The sex of animals must be indicated, and where appropriate, the influence (or association) of sex on the results of the study.

Declaration of competing interest Corresponding authors, on behalf of all the authors of a submission, must disclose any financial & personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, và grants or other funding. All authors, including those without competing interests khổng lồ declare, should provide the relevant information khổng lồ the corresponding author (which, where relevant, may specify they have nothing khổng lồ declare). Corresponding authors should then use this tool to create a shared statement và upload lớn the submission system at the Attach Files step. Please vì not convert the .docx template khổng lồ another file type. Tác giả signatures are not required.

Preprint posting on SSRN In tư vấn of open Science, this journal offers its authors a không tính tiền preprint posting service. Preprints provide early registration and dissemination of your research, which facilitates early citations & collaboration.During submission lớn Editorial Manager, you can choose khổng lồ release your manuscript publicly as a preprint on the preprint vps SSRN once it enters peer-review with the journal. Your choice will have no effect on the editorial process or outcome with the journal. Please cảnh báo that the corresponding tác giả is expected to seek approval from all co-authors before agreeing khổng lồ release the manuscript publicly on SSRN.

You will be notified via thư điện tử when your preprint is posted online & a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is assigned. Your preprint will remain globally available free to read whether the journal accepts or rejects your manuscript.

For more information about posting to SSRN, please consult the SSRN Terms of Use và FAQs.

Use of inclusive language Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive khổng lồ differences, & promotes equal opportunities. Nội dung should make no assumptions about the beliefs or commitments of any reader; contain nothing which might imply that one individual is superior lớn another on the grounds of age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability or health condition; and use inclusive language throughout. Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias, stereotypes, slang, reference to lớn dominant culture and/or cultural assumptions. We advise khổng lồ seek gender neutrality by using plural nouns ("clinicians, patients/clients") as default/wherever possible to avoid using "he, she," or "he/she." We recommend avoiding the use of descriptors that refer khổng lồ personal attributes such as age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability or health condition unless they are relevant and valid. When coding terminology is used, we recommend to lớn avoid offensive or exclusionary terms such as "master", "slave", "blacklist" and "whitelist". We suggest using alternatives that are more appropriate & (self-) explanatory such as "primary", "secondary", "blocklist" and "allowlist". These guidelines are meant as a point of reference to help identify appropriate language but are by no means exhaustive or definitive. Changes to authorship Authors are expected to lớn consider carefully the list & order of authors before submitting their manuscript & provide the definitive danh sách of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of tác giả names in the authorship menu should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. Khổng lồ request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in tác giả list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the tác giả being added or removed.Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.

For gold open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to lớn complete a "License Agreement" (more information). Permitted third party reuse of gold mở cửa access articles is determined by the author"s choice of user license.

Author rightsAs an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to lớn reuse your work. More information. supports responsible sharing Find out how you can cốt truyện your research published in journals.

Role of the funding source You are requested to identify who provided financial tư vấn for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article & to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis và interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision lớn submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement, it is recommended to lớn state this. Mở cửa access Please visit our open Access page for more information. Researcher Academy Researcher Academy is a không lấy phí e-learning platform designed to tư vấn early & mid-career researchers throughout their research journey. The "Learn" environment at Researcher Academy offers several interactive modules, webinars, downloadable guides and resources khổng lồ guide you through the process of writing for research & going through peer review. Feel miễn phí to use these free resources to improve your submission & navigate the publication process with ease. Language (usage và editing services) Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to lớn eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors & to conform khổng lồ correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from"s tác giả Services.

Submission Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details & uploading your files. The system converts your article files khổng lồ a single PDF tệp tin used in the peer-review process. Editable files (e.g., Word, LaTeX) are required to lớn typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor"s decision và requests for revision, is sent by e-mail. Submit your article Please submit your article via

Suggesting reviewers Please submit the names & institutional email addresses of several potential reviewers.You should not suggest reviewers who are colleagues, or who have co-authored or collaborated with you during the last three years. Editors vì chưng not invite reviewers who have potential competing interests with the authors. Further, in order to provide a broad và balanced assessment of the work, và ensure scientific rigor, please suggest diverse candidate reviewers who are located in different countries/regions from the author group. Also consider other diversity attributes e.g. Gender, race and ethnicity, career stage, etc. Finally, you should not include existing members of the journal"s editorial team, of whom the journal are already aware.

Note: the editor decides whether or not to invite your suggested reviewers.


Queries For questions about the editorial process (including the status of manuscripts under review) or for technical tư vấn on submissions, please visit our tư vấn Center. NEW SUBMISSIONS Submission to this journal proceeds totally online và you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts your files khổng lồ a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.As part of the Your Paper Your Way service, you may choose to submit your manuscript as a single tệp tin to be used in the refereeing process. This can be a PDF tệp tin or a Word document, in any format or lay-out that can be used by referees lớn evaluate your manuscript. It should contain high enough quality figures for refereeing. If you prefer to bởi vì so, you may still provide all or some of the source files at the initial submission. Please lưu ý that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be uploaded separately.

References There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter và the article number or pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to lớn the accepted article by at the proof stage. Cảnh báo that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the tác giả to correct. Formatting requirements There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork và Tables with Captions.If your article includes any Videos and/or other Supplementary material, this should be included in your initial submission for peer review purposes.Divide the article into clearly defined sections.

Figures and tables embedded in text Please ensure the figures and the tables included in the single file are placed next khổng lồ the relevant text in the manuscript, rather than at the bottom or the đứng top of the file. The corresponding caption should be placed directly below the figure or table. Peer review This journal operates a single anonymized nhận xét process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to lớn a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to lớn assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor"s decision is final. Editors are not involved in decisions about papers which they have written themselves or have been written by family members or colleagues or which relate to lớn products or services in which the editor has an interest. Any such submission is subject to lớn all of the journal"s usual procedures, with peer đánh giá handled independently of the relevant editor và their research groups. More information on types of peer review.

REVISED SUBMISSIONS Use of word processing software Regardless of the file format of the original submission, at revision you must provide us with an editable file of the entire article. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed & replaced on processing the article. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide khổng lồ Publishing with See also the section on Electronic artwork. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised khổng lồ use the "spell-check" và "grammar-check" functions of your word processor.

LaTeX You are recommended to lớn use the article class elsarticle.cls to prepare your manuscript and BibTeX to generate your bibliography.Our LaTeX site has detailed submission instructions, templates & other information. Article structure

Subdivision - numbered sections Divide your article into clearly defined và numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer lớn "the text". Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. Introduction State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods Provide sufficient details khổng lồ allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks & also cite the source. Any modifications to lớn existing methods should also be described. Conclusions The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results và Discussion section.

Vitae Submit a short (maximum 100 words) biography of each author, along with a passport-type photograph accompanying the other figures. Please provide the biography in an editable format (e.g. Word), not in PDF format. Essential title page information • Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.• Author names và affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) và family name(s) of each author and kiểm tra that all names are accurately spelled. You can địa chỉ your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. Present the authors" affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author"s name & in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the thư điện tử address of each author.• Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing & publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology & Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up lớn date by the corresponding author.• Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a "Present address" (or "Permanent address") may be indicated as a footnote to that author"s name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Highlights Highlights are optional yet highly encouraged for this journal, as they increase the discoverability of your article via tìm kiếm engines. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that capture the novel results of your research as well as new methods that were used during the study (if any). Please have a look at the examples here: example Highlights.Highlights should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online submission system. Please use "Highlights" in the tệp tin name and include 3 lớn 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point).

Abstract A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able khổng lồ stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) và year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. Graphical abstract Although a graphical abstract is optional, its use is encouraged as it draws more attention khổng lồ the online article. The graphical abstract should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate tệp tin in the online submission system. Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 centimet using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. You can view Example Graphical Abstracts on our information site.Authors can make use of"s Illustration Services lớn ensure the best presentation of their images & in accordance with all technical requirements.

keywords Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling và avoiding general and plural terms và multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These từ khóa will be used for indexing purposes. Abbreviations Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to lớn be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

Acknowledgements Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the over of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote khổng lồ the title or otherwise. Các mục here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.). Formatting of funding sources danh mục funding sources in this standard way lớn facilitate compliance to funder"s requirements:

Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health ; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA ; and the United States Institutes of Peace .

It is not necessary lớn include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.

If no funding has been provided for the research, it is recommended lớn include the following sentence:

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Math formulae Please submit math equations as editable text & not as images. Present simple formulae in line with normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are lớn be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to lớn explicitly in the text). Footnotes Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text và present the footnotes themselves separately at the over of the article.

Artwork Electronic artwork General points• Make sure you use uniform lettering và sizing of your original artwork. • Preferred fonts: Arial (or Helvetica), Times New Roman (or Times), Symbol, Courier. • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text. • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files. • Indicate per figure if it is a single, 1.5 or 2-column fitting image. • For Word submissions only, you may still provide figures và their captions, and tables within a single tệp tin at the revision stage. • Please cảnh báo that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be provided in separate source files.

A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available.You are urged khổng lồ visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here. Formats Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please "save as" or convert the images khổng lồ one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, và line/halftone combinations given below): EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings. Embed the fonts or save the text as "graphics". TIFF (or JPG): color or grayscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi. TIFF (or JPG): Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi. TIFF (or JPG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required. Please bởi not: • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low. • Supply files that are too low in resolution. • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Color artwork Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF) or MS Office files) và with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in màu sắc online (e.g., ScienceDirect và other sites) in addition to color reproduction in print. Further information on the preparation of electronic artwork.

Figure captions Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) và a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves lớn a minimum but explain all symbols & abbreviations used. Text graphics Text graphics may be embedded in the text at the appropriate position. If you are working with LaTeX and have such features embedded in the text, these can be left. See further under Electronic artwork.

Tables Please submit tables as editable text và not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text & place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables và ensure that the data presented in them bởi vì not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells. References

Citation in text Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference các mục (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results & personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either "Unpublished results" or "Personal communication". Citation of a reference as "in press" implies that the thành phầm has been accepted for publication. Reference links Increased discoverability of research and high chất lượng peer reviews are ensured by online liên kết to the sources cited. In order to lớn allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef và PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please chú ý that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year & pagination may prevent liên kết creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is highly encouraged.

A DOI is guaranteed never khổng lồ change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article. An example of a citation using DOI for an article not yet in an issue is: VanDecar J.C., Russo R.M., James D.E., Ambeh W.B., Franke M. (2003). Aseismic continuation of the Lesser Antilles slab beneath northeastern Venezuela. Journal of Geophysical Research, Please cảnh báo the format of such citations should be in the same style as all other references in the paper.

Web references As a minimum, the full URL should be given & the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, tác giả names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Website references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

Data references This journal encourages you to lớn cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: tác giả name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, & global persistent identifier. Showroom immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The identifier will not appear in your published article. Reference lớn software We recommend that software (including computational code, scripts, models, notebooks & libraries) should be cited in the same way as other sources of information to support proper attribution và credit, reproducibility, collaboration and reuse, và encourage building on the work of others lớn further research. Lớn facilitate this, useful information is provided in this article on the essentials of software citation by FORCE 11, of which is a member. A reference lớn software should always include the following elements: creator(s) e.g. The authors or project that developed the software, software title, software repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier.

References in a special issue Please ensure that the words "this issue" are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue. Reference management software Most journals have their reference template available in many of the most popular reference management software products. These include all products that support Citation Style Language styles, such as Mendeley. Using citation plug-ins from these products, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article, after which citations và bibliographies will be automatically formatted in the journal"s style. If no template is yet available for this journal, please follow the format of the sample references & citations as shown in this Guide. If you use reference management software, please ensure that you remove all field codes before submitting the electronic manuscript. More information on how khổng lồ remove field codes from different reference management software.

video accepts đoạn phim material và animation sequences to tư vấn and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have video clip or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include link to these within the body toàn thân of the article. This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring lớn the clip or animation content and noting in the toàn thân text where it should be placed. All submitted files should be properly labeled so that they directly relate lớn the video clip file"s content. In order khổng lồ ensure that your đoạn clip or animation material is directly usable, please provide the tệp tin in one of our recommended file formats with a preferred maximum kích cỡ of 150MB per file, 1GB in total. Video and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in website products, including ScienceDirect. Please supply "stills" with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the links to your clip data. For more detailed instructions please visit our clip instruction pages. Note: since clip and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic & the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content. Data visualization Include interactive data visualizations in your publication and let your readers interact & engage more closely with your research. Follow the instructions here lớn find out about available data visualization options and how to include them with your article.

Supplementary material Supplementary material such as applications, images and sound clips, can be published with your article to enhance it. Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received (Excel or PowerPoint files will appear as such online). Please submit your material together with the article và supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file. If you wish lớn make changes lớn supplementary material during any stage of the process, please make sure khổng lồ provide an updated file. Vì not annotate any corrections on a previous version. Please switch off the "Track Changes" option in Microsoft Office files as these will appear in the published version. Research data This journal encourages và enables you to nội dung data that supports your research publication where appropriate, và enables you to interlink the data with your published articles. Research data refers lớn the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To lớn facilitate reproducibility và data reuse, this journal also encourages you to tóm tắt your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods & other useful materials related lớn the project.

Below are a number of ways in which you can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of your data when submitting your manuscript. If you are sharing data in one of these ways, you are encouraged to cite the data in your manuscript & reference list. Please refer khổng lồ the "References" section for more information about data citation. For more information on depositing, sharing and using research data and other relevant research materials, visit the research data page.

Data linking If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can liên kết your article directly to the dataset. collaborates with a number of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to underlying data that gives them a better understanding of the research described.

There are different ways to links your datasets khổng lồ your article. When available, you can directly liên kết your dataset to your article by providing the relevant information in the submission system. For more information, visit the database linking page.

For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to lớn your published article on ScienceDirect.

In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the following format: Database: xxxx (e.g., TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN).

Mendeley Data This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you khổng lồ deposit any research data (including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, và methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, mở cửa access repository. During the submission process, after uploading your manuscript, you will have the opportunity to lớn upload your relevant datasets directly to Mendeley Data. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible lớn readers next lớn your published article online.

For more information, visit the Mendeley Data for journals page.

Data in Brief You have the option of converting any or all parts of your supplementary or additional raw data into a data article published in Data in Brief. A data article is a new kind of article that ensures that your data are actively reviewed, curated, formatted, indexed, given a DOI và made publicly available lớn all upon publication (watch this clip describing the benefits of publishing your data in Data in Brief). You are encouraged khổng lồ submit your data article for Data in Brief as an additional thành phầm directly alongside the revised version of your manuscript. If your research article is accepted, your data article will automatically be transferred over khổng lồ Data in Brief where it will be editorially reviewed, published mở cửa access & linked khổng lồ your research article on ScienceDirect. Please cảnh báo an open access fee is payable for publication in Data in Brief. Full details can be found on the Data in Brief website. Please use this template khổng lồ write your Data in Brief data article.

MethodsX You have the option of converting relevant protocols và methods into one or multiple MethodsX articles, a new kind of article that describes the details of customized research methods. Many researchers spend a significant amount of time on developing methods to lớn fit their specific needs or setting, but often without getting credit for this part of their work. MethodsX, an open access journal, now publishes this information in order lớn make it searchable, peer reviewed, citable and reproducible. Authors are encouraged to lớn submit their MethodsX article as an additional item directly alongside the revised version of their manuscript. If your research article is accepted, your methods article will automatically be transferred over to lớn MethodsX where it will be editorially reviewed. Please chú ý an mở cửa access fee is payable for publication in MethodsX. Full details can be found on the MethodsX website. Please use the methods template or protocol template khổng lồ prepare your MethodsX article. Data statement khổng lồ foster transparency, we encourage you khổng lồ state the availability of your data in your submission. This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution. If your data is unavailable lớn access or unsuitable to lớn post, you will have the opportunity to lớn indicate why during the submission process, for example by stating that the research data is confidential. The statement will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect. For more information, visit the Data Statement page.

Online proof correction to lớn ensure a fast publication process of the article, we kindly ask authors to lớn provide us with their proof corrections within two days. Corresponding authors will receive an email with a links to our online proofing system, allowing annotation và correction of proofs online. The environment is similar lớn MS Word: in addition khổng lồ editing text, you can also bình luận on figures/tables và answer questions from the Copy Editor. Web-based proofing provides a faster và less error-prone process by allowing you khổng lồ directly type your corrections, eliminating the potential introduction of errors.If preferred, you can still choose lớn annotate & upload your edits on the PDF version. All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternative methods khổng lồ the online version and PDF.We will do everything possible to lớn get your article published quickly & accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness & correctness of the text, tables và figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. It is important khổng lồ ensure that all corrections are sent back to lớn us in one communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.

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Offprints The corresponding tác giả will, at no cost, receive a customized Share liên kết providing 50 days free access to lớn the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. The Share link can be used for sharing the article via any communication channel, including email and social media. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order khung which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding và co-authors may order offprints at any time via"s tác giả Services. Corresponding authors who have published their article gold open access bởi not receive a Share links as their final published version of the article is available open access on ScienceDirect và can be shared through the article DOI link.

Visit the tư vấn Center to lớn find the answers you need. Here you will find everything from Frequently Asked Questions to lớn ways khổng lồ get in touch.You can also check the status of your submitted article or find out when your accepted article will be published.