The heterogeneous reaction of 2NO(2)(g) + NaCl(100) --> NaNO3(s) + ClNO(g) has been investigated using infrared spectroscopy. Single crystals, chosen for their well-defined và almost defect-free surfaces, were exposed khổng lồ NO2 at four pressures: 0.15, 0.52, 1.5, and 3.5 mbar at 298 K. The formation of NO3- ions on NaCl was quantified from the photometry as the reaction progressed. The number of NO3- ions produced indicates that the reaction is not limited to lớn the initial NaCl(100) face, but that nitrate ions also penetrate into the upper layers of the substrate. Despite an excess of NO2, the NaCl crystal transformation to lớn NaNO3 ceases in a few hours. Gas phase ClNO is also observed spectroscopically. The strongest solid-state feature from the reaction is a well-defined sharp doublet at 1360 and 1414 cm(-1) assigned khổng lồ the v(3) asymmetric stretching vibration of NO3-. Both bands grow in unison as the reaction progresses. We suggest that the doublet results from the splitting of the v(3) degenerate mode in the monomers, dimers, or small ordered arrays of NO3- ions bound khổng lồ neighboring ions of the NaCl substrate. There are as many as three regions that characterize the growth of NO3- at each NO2 pressure. Two of these regions are used to lớn measure rates of NO3- production. The order of the reaction was determined from these rates & was found lớn be quadratic in NO2 pressure. A solid-gas reaction probability was also obtained from these reaction rates, assuming N2O4 is the reactant, và was measured lớn be (1.3 +/- 0.3) x 10(-6). This reaction probability is smaller by nearly 2 orders of magnitude than those reported by other research groups who have used powdered NaCl substrates. Probability differences are not surprising since the kinetics of this reaction is expected lớn depend on the concentration of defects at the surface. A mechanism, involving fracture of the NaCl substrate and diffusion of NO2 into its interior, accounts for the different growth regions và the production of NO3-. Finally when a small amount of water vapor is introduced with NO2, the production rate of NO3- is enhanced dramatically. The possible roles of H2O in heterogeneous chemistry of NaCl are discussed. NaNO3(s) + ClNO(g) has been investigated using infrared spectroscopy. Single crystals, chosen for their well-defined and almost defect-free surfaces, were exposed to NO2 at four pressures: 0.15, 0.52, 1.5, và 3.5 mbar at 298 K. The formation of NO3- ions on NaCl was quantified from the photometry as the reaction progressed. The number of NO3- ions produced indicates that the reaction is not limited to lớn the initial NaCl(100) face, but that nitrate ions also penetrate into the upper layers of the substrate. Despite an excess of NO2, the NaCl crystal transformation to NaNO3 ceases in a few hours. Gas phase ClNO is also observed spectroscopically. The strongest solid-state feature from the reaction is a well-defined sharp doublet at 1360 và 1414 cm(-1) assigned khổng lồ the v(3) asymmetric stretching vibration of NO3-. Both bands grow in unison as the reaction progresses. We suggest that the doublet results from the splitting of the v(3) degenerate mode in the monomers, dimers, or small ordered arrays of NO3- ions bound to neighboring ions of the NaCl substrate. There are as many as three regions that characterize the growth of NO3- at each NO2 pressure. Two of these regions are used to lớn measure rates of NO3- production. The order of the reaction was determined from these rates & was found to lớn be quadratic in NO2 pressure. A solid-gas reaction probability was also obtained from these reaction rates, assuming N2O4 is the reactant, & was measured lớn be (1.3 +/- 0.3) x 10(-6). This reaction probability is smaller by nearly 2 orders of magnitude than those reported by other research groups who have used powdered NaCl substrates. Probability differences are not surprising since the kinetics of this reaction is expected to depend on the concentration of defects at the surface. A mechanism, involving fracture of the NaCl substrate and diffusion of NO2 into its interior, accounts for the different growth regions và the production of NO3-.


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Finally when a small amount of water vapor is introduced with NO2, the production rate of NO3- is enhanced dramatically. The possible roles of H2O in heterogeneous chemistry of NaCl are discussed." size="" />