I can solve for \$x\$ by taking the arctangent of both sides but I"m not understanding what the equation means. Does the equation represent the interesection between \$y = an x\$ và \$y =1\$? Likewise is \$sin x = 2\$ said khổng lồ be undefined as the two curves bởi vì not intersect for any real \$x\$ (they don"t cut each other?). I feel that I am missing a key concept in trigonometric equations.

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Also khổng lồ find other solutions of \$ an x = 1\$ vì I just subtract or địa chỉ cửa hàng \$pi\$ lớn the principle value?

Thanks  Solving the equation \$ an x=1\$ means finding every angle \$x\$ whose tangent is \$1\$. You can start with \$fracpi4\$, the principal arctangent of \$1\$; the tangent has period \$pi\$, so (as you said) you need to add integer multiples of \$pi\$ to lớn that lớn get the entire set of solutions:

\$\$left\fracpi4+npi:ninBbb Z ight\;.\$\$

If you’re asked to lớn solve \$sin x=2\$, you can safely say that the mix of solutions is empty (\$varnothing\$), since \$|sin x|le 1\$ for all \$xinBbb R\$.

In neither case is it actually necessary lớn think in terms of graphs, though it’s certainly possible to vì chưng so: the set of solutions khổng lồ \$ an x=1\$ is indeed the set of \$xinBbb R\$ where the graphs of \$y= an x\$ và \$y=1\$ intersect, & similarly for \$sin x=1\$. \$ anx\$ is the ratio of \$sinx\$ over \$cosx\$. Having \$ anx=1\$ means that \$sinx=cosx\$.

Now, what angles produce this result? What is your definition of the tangent function? It"s the sine divided by the cosine, which is exactly the same thing as the famous slope formula "rise over run" So if x is the angle a line through the Origin makes with the positive horizontal axis, you are essentially asking for what angle the line has slope 1. Now when you solve the equation, you get 45° & so the line makes 45° with the positive axis. The solutions (also known as roots), if any, of an equation \$f(x)=0\$ can always be found graphically by plotting \$y=f(x)\$ and locating the \$x\$ intercepts.

Your equation \$ an x=1\$ can be rewritten as \$ an x - 1 = 0\$. It implies that \$f(x)= an x -1\$. The plot is as follows và the solutions (\$x\$ intercepts) are \$x\$. Thanks for contributing an answer khổng lồ inthepasttoys.netematics Stack Exchange!

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